Welcome back, today we will learn and read about Determiners, Determiner, What are Determiners, what is determiners, Definition of Determiners, types of Determiners, rules of Determiners, determiners examples, Chart of Determiners, Mcq for Determiners in English Grammar , Determiners Worksheet , determiners exercise and much more things.
What are Determiners?
These are words that are used immediately before a Noun in a sentence and determine
who is being talked about or how much ‘ number or quantity ‘ is being talked about . Since it is also of the noun give some additional information about so these Also called Adjectives .
Definition of Determiners
‘Determiners’ are noun modifiers. They are placed just before a noun to give additional information about it.
Types of Determiners / Kinds of Determiners
- Articles – A, An, The
- Demonstratives – This, That, These, Those
- Possessives – My, Your, His, Her, Its, Our, Their
- Quantifiers – Few, Little, Much, Many, A lot of, Some, Any, Enough
- Numerals – First, Second, Next, Last, Previous One, Ten, Thirty
- Distributives – All, Both, Half, Either, Neither, Each, Every
- Interrogatives – Which, What, Whose etc.
- I need a phone.
- I saw a movie last night.
- The movie is based on a real life incident.
- I will come after an hour.
- Seven is my lucky number.
- Each team consists of eleven players.
- I finished in first place in the competition.
- You will go second.
- Whose car keys are these?
- What books did you read?
- Which three teachers do you prefer?
- I have read this book.
- This is a very useful book.
- I can answer all questions.
- Both answers are right.
- Many dogs were barking last night.
- That building was used for specific purpose.
- These sums are really very hard.
- My bird was singing all day.
Determiners uses/ Rules
– ‘Some and Any’ are used with countable and uncountable nouns, to describe an indefinite or incomplete quantity.
( Some and Any are used to describe indefinite and incomplete quantity and number . Some and Any are used before countable and uncountable nouns . )
(i) ‘Some’ is used in positive statements:
(Some is used in affirmative sentences . )
- I had some rice for lunch.
- He is got some books from the library.
- I will have some news next week.
- She has some valuable books in her house.
(ii) ‘Some’ is used in interrogative sentences which are used for offer , request, advice, suggestion .
- Would you like some help?
- Will you have some more tea/coffee?
- Could I have some books, please?
- Why don’t you take some books home with you?
- Would you like to take some chocolates?
(iii) ‘Any’ is used in negative sentences and Interrogative sentences:
(Any is used in negative and interrogative sentences . )
- Have you got any tea?
- He didn’t give me any tea?
- I don’t think we’ve got any books?
- They don’t want any help moving to their new house.
- Do you have any friends in London?
- Have they got any children?
Note: ‘ any ‘ is used in the meaning of any .
- You can get an auto – rickshaw at any railway station.
- Any ball will do its work.
- You can ask this question to any student of my class.
Note: ‘Any’ is used in sentences with ‘If clause’.
- If you have any problem, come to me.
- If you have any symptoms of COVID-19, quarantine yourself.
|Affirmative Sentence||Negative Sentence||Interrogative Sentence|
|Use ‘some’||Use ‘any’ (not, nobody, no one, nothing, nowhere, never, neither, nor, too__to etc.)||Use ‘any’ in questions.|
|Use ‘any’ if the real sense of the sentence is negative – scarcely, hardly, rarely, barely, never, forbade, seldom, without, doubt, refuse, deny etc.||Use ‘some’ in questions if the expected answer is ‘yes’|
|Use ‘some’ in offers and requests.|
- I have given him some money to buy chocolates.
- Can I have some tea, please?
- Would you give me some more time to think?
- The teacher allowed us to ask some questions.
- I have not given him any money to spend.
- He denied having any involvement in the crime.
- I doubt there is any money in his bank account.
- She refused to share any information with us.
- The teacher forbade us to ask any questions.
- He seldom gets any extra money to spend.
- She has hardly any friend in this school.
- Much means ‘A lot of’.
It is used with uncountable nouns.
(Much means ‘more’ but in quantity. Much is used with uncountable nouns , not countable nouns . )
- ‘Many’ is used with countable (plural) nouns.
- Many means ‘many’ but in number.
(Many is used with countable nouns , not with uncountable nouns . )
- Many children are there in the park today.
- He was among the many visitors to the site.
- Among his many faults is self-importance.
- There isn’t much food in the house.
- I don’t have much free time.
- You always give me too much trouble.
Note:- Use of ‘Much and Many’ according to the following table:
|Affirmative Sentence||Negative Sentence||Interrogative Sentence|
|Use ‘a lot of’, ‘lots of’ and ‘plenty of’||Use ‘many’ and ‘much’||Use ‘many’ and ‘much’|
|Use ‘many’ and ‘much’, with ‘so’, ‘too’ and ‘as’|
- We have a lot of time.
- I have made a lot of friends at college.
- He made a lot of mistakes in the test, therefore he didn’t get good marks.
- There are a lot of/plenty of job opportunities in big cities.
- I have made so many friends at college.
- He gave us too many tasks to accomplish in a short time.
- I read as many books as I could.
- We have so much time.
3. Many A/An
‘Many a/an’ is used with singular countable noun and singular verb.
(Many a/an is used with singular countable nouns and singular verbs . )
- Many a player is playing cricket in the field now.
- Many a man was killed in the First World War.
- Many a girl is not interested in this.
- Many an apple is eaten by Rohan.
4. Little/A Little/The Little
Little means negative (negligible or nothing). A little means ‘some’, ‘a little bit’. Whereas The little means ‘not much but all that is’.
It shows quantity. (Quantity)
(A) Little :
- ‘Little’ is used before uncountable noun and takes singular verb. It shows very small quantity. It denotes negative sense. ‘Little’ has a rather negative meaning. It means hardly any.
- I am sorry. I have little interest in politics.
- He had little courage so he could not face the situation boldly.
- The tank is nearly empty. There is little water in it.
- He has very little patience, so he can’t wait.
- He takes little interest in parental business.
- We have little hope of his recovery.
- He has little knowledge of computers.
(B) A Little
- It shows a small quantity. These expressions show the speaker’s attitude towards and the quantity he/she is referring to. A little means some.
- With a little patience, you will be able to solve all your problems.
- Please give them a little/some time to make themselves comfortable.
- You have become weak. You should pay a little/some more attention to your health.
- We have a little hope of his recovery.
- A little knowledge is always dangerous.
- He takes a little interest in parental business.
(C) The Little :
not much but all that is available.
( all that stuff )
- I have lost the little energy I had.
- The little money that he earns is not enough to meet his expenses.
- Do you wish me to use the little water I saved for Honey?
- The little money she had, was also spent on medicines.
- He has wasted the little money he had in gambling.
5. Few/A Few/The Few
‘Few’ is used for countable nouns. Few means negative. ‘A few’ means ‘a few’, while ‘the few’ means ‘whatever a little’.
It shows no. (Number)
(A) Few :
- ‘Few’ is used with plural nouns and takes plural verb. It shows a very small number, negligible (ना के बराबर /अपर्याप्त). It denotes negative sense.
- How can we arrange a get-together in this pandemic situation? Few will come for such a programme.
- I am sorry. I have few friends.
- The box is nearly empty. There are few apples in it.
- He is not popular at all. Few people know him.
- Few people are fully happy.
- Few men are free from any disease.
- Few women can avoid talking.
- Few people reach the age of 100 years.
- Few women can keep secrets.
(B) A few :
- These expressions show the speaker’s attitude towards the numbers ‘he/she’ is referring to. A small number/some. (संख्या में थोड़े/कुछ)
- A few (for countable nouns) describe the number in positive way.
- I have only a few minutes to answer these questions.
- There were only a few people in the hall at that time.
- I do have a few books of communication skills.
- A few persons can write correct English.
- He asked me a few questions.
- He died only a few months ago.
- A few students secured more than 80% marks in Physics.
- Please wait for a few minutes.
(C) The Few:
- Not many but all that are available. ( all those who are few )
- The few things that he bought were of no use.
- The few students who came yesterday were not able to answer this question.
- She spent the few rupees which she found in the wallet.
- The few utensils she had, were taken by the thief.
- The few clothes he had, all burnt in fire.
- The few members of the committee all took part in the demonstration.
- The few books he had, were taken by the thief.
- Both ‘Each’ and ‘Every’ go before a singular countable noun and take singular verb.
- (Each and Every are used with singular nouns and singular verbs . )
- ‘Each’ is used for two or more things/places/ persons but ‘Every’ is used for three or more things/places/persons.
- Each is used for a definite number, and Every is used for an indefinite number.
- Each is used when the object or person has to express individuality, separate action but Every is used to express action in the group.
– If we use each for more things, we see them one by one.
- There were houses on each side of the road.
- In Japan, children are taught to write with each hand.
- Each half of the earth is called a hemisphere.
- I have only two pens but each pen writes well.
- I know each and every student in the class.
- The Lok Sabha elections are held every five years.
- Every boy is reading his book.
- I visit my parents every two weeks.
- When we use every, we see things collectively.
- Every student gets a prize.
- Every candidate was given a certificate.
NOTE :- Determiners
- Five boys are standing here. Each boy is wearing white shirt.
- Every book is important.
Each of → Plural Noun + S.V.
Everyone of → Plural Pronoun + S.V.
- Each of the books is important.
- Each of the boys was intelligent.
- Each of the two girls gets a prize.
- Everyone of the students of this class has been assigned a homework.
Note: Each is a Pronoun as well as an Adjective. Hence ‘of’ can be used after each. But Every is only an Adjective. Hence it is wrong to use ‘of’ after Every.
- Each of the teachers is doing his work. (Correct)
- Every of the teachers is doing his work. (Incorrect)
- Each of the boxes was empty.
- We can use ‘Either’ and ‘Neither’, when we have only two things in mind. They can’t be used when we talk about more than two things/places /persons.
- Both ‘Either’ and ‘Neither’ are used with singular countable nouns (when used as determiners).
- Either – either or both.
- Neither – Neither . _ _
(Either means ‘either’ when one part is the complement of the other part. Both is used with a plural noun . )
- There was water on either side of the highway.
- His either son went to America.
- Either box can be used.
- Either of the boxes contained sweets.
- Neither box is empty.
- Neither of the boxes was empty.
- There were houses on both sides of the road.
- In Japan, children are taught to write with both hands.
- ‘Neither’ is used to talk about two things/places /persons.
- ‘None’ is used to talk about more than two things /places/persons.
- Neither of the two students has applied for admission.
- None of the students got a chance to speak.
9. Certain/A Certain
- ‘Certain’ is used with plural noun and uncountable noun.
(Certain is used with plural nouns and uncountable nouns . )
(B) A Certain
- ‘A Certain’ is used with singular countable noun.
(A Certain is used with a singular countable noun . )
- Certain boys of this class will come up with surprising results.
- She always goes for a certain shop, if she wishes to buy something.
- There was a certain man whose name I do not remember.
10. Such/Such a/an
- ‘Such’ is used with plural noun and uncountable noun.
(Such is used with plural nouns and uncountable nouns . )
- ‘Such a/an’ is used with singular countable noun.
(Such a / an is used with singular countable nouns . )
- Such books are very useful.
- How can I take such lemonade?
- Will you like to read such a novel?
11. Whole/All /Several
- ‘Whole/All /several’ indicate towards plural.
- When Whole is used as an Adjective, it is preceded by ‘The’. When Whole is used before the Proper Noun, then ‘The’ is used before it and ‘of’ after it.
- When ‘All’ is used with Plural Noun , then ‘The’ has to be used after All . All is always used before a Possessive Noun or Pronoun .
- ‘Several’ is ‘used’ for many different things .
- He wasted the whole day.
- I worked the whole day.
- The whole of India mourned the death of Rajeev Gandhi.
- The whole of Rajasthan was in the grip of drought.
- All of the boys of this college have passed with very good marks.
- All the students were happy.
- All the girls were present.
- All my friends went to the party.
- He spent all his money.
- Several books are scattered on the table.
- City officials have lost several hundred dollors in bad investments.
- ‘Later’ and ‘ Latest’ are generally used in the context of time.
- ‘Latter’ and ‘Last’ are used in order.
- When two are to be used in reference to the position/order, then Latter’s, and the reference to more than two (to tell the latter) is done. Latest means: Last up to now only, that is till now which is last while Last means last, no one after that (Finally last).
- I will come later.
- He came later than I.
- This is the latest fashion.
- This is the latest technology.
- Between Ram and Shyam, the latter is more intelligent.
- At last the chairman distributed the prizes.
- Lord Mountbatten was the last Governor General of India.
- ‘Fewer’ is used to denote ‘less number’ in countables.
- ‘Less’ is used in uncountables to denote ‘little quantity’. Less is not used with Price and Number.
- ‘Lesser’ means less important.
- Fewer persons were present in the meeting.
- No fewer than ten persons were killed in the accident.
- She had fewer chores, but she also had less energy.
- I have less time for my preparations.
- He has less money to buy a T.V.
- We spent less than forty dollars on our trip.
- Many lesser speakers also came to speak.
- Many lesser leaders were present in the function.
Note: Generally, when we’re talking about countable things, we use the word fewer, when we’re talking about measurable quantities that we cannot count, we use the word less.
- ‘Farther’ means comparatively far away (Far-Farther-Farthest). This is the comparative degree of Far.
- ‘Farthest’ is the Superlative degree of Far, which means farthest.
- ‘Further’ means Additional (Additional) Farther and Farthest are used in the context of distance and Further is usually used in the context of Action or Information etc.
- Mumbai is farther from Alwar than from Jaipur.
- No further action is required.
- Please don’t make further delay.
- It is the farthest place from the railway station.
- ‘Elder/Eldest’ is used for members of the same family.
- ‘Older/Oldest’ is used for both persons and things. ‘to’ is always used with Elder while ‘than’ Preposition is used with Older .
- Bhavesh is my elder brother.
- Abhishek and Manveer are real brothers. Abhishek is elder to Manveer.
- My mother is the eldest member of our family.
- Ram is older than Shyam.
- The older people should be respected.
- This is the oldest college in our city.
what are determiners in english grammar?
Determiners’ are noun modifiers. They are placed just before a noun to give additional information about it.
What are the 7 determiners?
Articles – A, An, The
Demonstratives – This, That, These, Those
Possessives – My, Your, His, Her, Its, Our, Their
Quantifiers – Few, Little, Much, Many, A lot of, Some, Any, Enough
Numerals – First, Second, Next, Last, Previous One, Ten, Thirty
Distributives – All, Both, Half, Either, Neither, Each, Every
Interrogatives – Which, What, Whose etc.
determiners meaning in hindi?
what is possessive determiners?
A possessive determiner is a pronoun that is used to express possession or belongingness. It helps the reader know who or what owns the noun that it determines.
|Samas||one word for phrase|
|prefix||Glossary of Terms|
|monosyllable||all other articles|
Determiners Exercise / Worksheet
here we attaced a Determiners Exercise / Worksheet. you can check your knowledge about Determiners.
Q.1Radha didn’t take _ photos when she went on holiday.
Q.2They have two daughters. _ daughters are pretty.
Q.3_________ book on the table are you reading?
Q.4_______ days most people have a car. But in __ days when I was a child no one owned a car.
Q.5Suresh is having problem with __ computer.
Q.6This town is not a very interesting place to visit, so __ tourists come here.
Q.7‘Would you like milk in your coffee?’ ‘Yes, please. __.’
Q.8This evening I’m going out with __ friends of mine.
Q.9__________ knowledge of garment-industry proved very helpful to me.
Q.10___________of the twenty students has come in the school.
None of these
Q.11She spends too _ time on YouTube.
a lot of
Q.12___________ courage is required to take tough decisions.
A lot of
Q.13You should drink _ water throughout the day to avoid dehydration.
Q.14I didn’t have _ money, so I had to borrow _.
little, the little
a few, the few
Q.15There is not __ point at all in getting upset.
Q.16__________ the films you suggested are not worth seeing.
None of these
Q.17In that wholesale shop they do not sell _ than five bags of basmati rice.
none of these
Q.18____________ persons were interviewed.
None of these
Q.19Will you please give me _ milk for my dog?
none of these
Q.20The doctor says that the Corona patient will recover in _ days.
none of these
Q.21Ranu spend _ rupees that she had.
Q.22Listen carefully. I’m going to give you __ advice.
Q.23Will you lend me _ money for my trip to Shimla?
Q.24He has ___ document to take loan from Government Bank.
Q.25The Lok Sabha elections are held ________five years.